The nwio_ipopt struct is used to pass ip option values from a higher-layer level (e.g., icmp, udp) to the ip layer during the configuration of an ip file descriptor. Note that an ip file descriptor cannot be used until it is configured.
typedef struct nwio_ipopt
nwio_flags will be a combination of the flags below. Most of the flags within a set are exclusionary. For example, both NWIO_REMSPEC and NWIO_REMANY can't both be set.
Note that "EN" stands for "ENable" and "DI" stands for "DIsable".
#define NWIO_EXCL 0x00000001l
#define NWIO_SHARED 0x00000002l
#define NWIO_COPY 0x00000003l
"The options covered by NWIO_ACC_MASK control the number of channels that can use one IP protocol. If NWIO_EXCL is specified then only that channel can use a certain IP protocol. If NWIO_SHARED then multiple channels that all have to specify NWIO_SHARED can use the same IP protocol, but incoming packets will be delivered to a most one channel. NWIO_COPY does not impose any restrictions. Every channel gets a copy of an incoming packet."
Note that, for whatever reason, NWIO_EXCL behaves exactly as NWIO_COPY. Every channel receives a copy of an incoming packet.
The access flags are important during the read of an ip file descriptor.
#define NWIO_EN_LOC 0x00000010l
#define NWIO_DI_LOC 0x00100000l
#define NWIO_EN_BROAD 0x00000020l
#define NWIO_DI_BROAD 0x00200000l
NWIO_EN_LOC specifies that this file descriptor can receive packets destined for this machine and NWIO_EN_BROAD specifies that this file descriptor can receive broadcast packets.
#define NWIO_REMSPEC 0x00000100l
#define NWIO_REMANY 0x01000000l
If the NWIO_REMANY flag is set, this file descriptor can send packets to any destination. If, on the other hand, the NWIO_REMSPEC flag is set, this file descriptor can only communicate with a single host. This host is specified by nwio_rem (see below).
#define NWIO_PROTOSPEC 0x00000200l
#define NWIO_PROTOANY 0x02000000l
If NWIO_PROTOANY is set, the ip file descriptor will accept packets of any protocol type. However, if NWIO_PROTOSPEC is set, only packets with a protocol type of nwio_proto (see below) are accepted.
#define NWIO_HDR_O_SPEC 0x00000400l
#define NWIO_HDR_O_ANY 0x04000000l
If the NWIO_HDR_O_SPEC flag in nwio_flags is set, nwio_hdropt (see below) must be set. If this is the case, the extra header information for all outgoing packets will be taken from nwio_hdropt, nwio_tos, nwio_ttl, and nwio_df (see below).
#define NWIO_RWDATONLY 0x00001000l
#define NWIO_RWDATALL 0x10000000l
NWIO_RWDATALL is a little tricky. If the NWIO_RWDATALL flag is set, the header was omitted when passing the packet down to ip code and the NWIO_EN_LOC, NWIO_DI_BROAD, NWIO_REMSPEC, NWIO_PROTOSPEC and NWIO_HDR_O_SPEC flags must all be set (and NWIO_REMANY and NWIO_PROTOANY cannot be set). In other words, this file descriptor can only send the data to one destination using one protocol.
During the configuration of an ip file descriptor being opened by the udp code, ip_ioctl() calls udp_get_data() (indirectly) to get configuration information. udp_get_data() returns the following configuration information:
NWIO_COPY | NWIO_EN_LOC | NWIO_EN_BROAD | NWIO_REMANY | NWIO_PROTOSPEC | NWIO_HDR_O_ANY | NWIO_RWDATALL
If the NWIO_REMSPEC flag in nwio_flags is set (see above), nwio_rem is the ip address of the destination host.
The ip header length is flexible to allow for extra options. For example, in addition to the normal fields (e.g., destination ip address), an ip header may specify the route it wishes to take or request that the route be recorded.
that it wishes to record a route or to ip_chk_hdropt().
"tos" stands for "Type Of Service". nwio_tos is initialized to 0 but can be changed by ip_ioctl().
"ttl" stands for "Time To Live", which is the number of hops that a packet can take before being dropped by a router. nwio_ttl is initialized to 255 but can be changed by ip_ioctl().
nwio_df specifies whether fragmentation is allowed or not. nwio_df is initialized to FALSE but, again, can be changed by ip_ioctl().
nwio_proto can take one of the values below. Obviously, if the udp code opens up an ip file descriptor, nwio_proto will be IPPROTO_UDP. The same is true for icmp and tcp.
#define IPPROTO_ICMP 1
#define IPPROTO_TCP 6
#define IPPROTO_UDP 17
This field is used in conjunction with the NWIO_PROTOSPEC flag in nwio_flags. If this flag is set, nwio_proto must be set.